October 16, 2013
Update- I’ve now figured out an easier way to do this in one command instead of 5 (Android Automation)
So you’ve got your awesome app programmed, tested, added a cool icon, and you want to get it out to the world? It’s pretty easy to get android apps on your phone when testing, but you have to jump through a few hoops to actually get it in the Google Play store.
It was pretty hard to find a good guide out there on the Internet about what to do to finally get your app to submit to the Google Play Store for Android. The official documentation is pretty wordy and somewhat vague. These instructions are specifically for apps built with Phonegap, because that’s what I used, but it might be helpful for other people as well.
Make sure you’ve set your
platforms/android/AndroidManifest.xml. The reason you have to set
www/config.xml is because phonegap will overwrite the
versionName in the
androidManifest file with whatever is in
config.xml. Google Play won’t accept the app unless the
versionCode is different than the previous versions in the store (preferably larger).
versionCode is an integer value, so just increment it by 1 each time you submit regardless of whether it’s a major or minor update.
versionName isn’t used for anything except for displaying to users and it’s a string so you can name it whatever you want. For example, you could set it to
versionCode might be 3. (Versioning documentation)
<manifest android:hardwareAccelerated="true" android:versionCode="3" android:versionName="1.0.3" android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustPan" package="com.compay.app" xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
Also, make sure you set
debuggable to false in
AndroidoManifest.xml in the application tag like this:
Create a keystore file and set a password. I won’t go into a lot of detail about how to actually do this. Just make sure you don’t lose this file. If you lose it, and you have to create a new one, then it will become a new app when you try to add it to the Google Play Store. (App Signing documentation)
Always use a different keystore file for each app because it’s your private key for uploading apps to the store. If you ever decide to transfer your app to another developer, you’ll have to give them the keystore file, and if you also use that keystore for other apps, then you have a security issue. (Secure key documentation)
Put the keystore file somewhere on your computer. It doesn’t really matter where.
Then you just need to tell ant where the keystore file is by going to your android project folder (For phonegap it’s in
platforms/android) and create an
ant.properties file and put the following in it:
key.store equals the path to the keystore file starting at the C Drive if you’re on Windows and it’s a relative path starting from the location of the
ant.properties file if you’re on macOS (example:
key.store=../../../../appName-release-key.keystore), and key. Alias is whatever you setup when you created the keystore.
Open up the command prompt, and navigate to your project and run
phonegap build android
platforms/android/bin you should have:
AppName.ap_ AppName.ap_.d AppName-debug.apk AppName-debug-unaligned.apk AppName-debug-unaligned.apk.d
Then navigate to the
android directory and run
cd platforms/android ant release
It might prompt you for your keystore password and the password for the alias
app_name. Enter your keystore password for both of them.
platforms/android/bin you should now also have release versions of the app:
AppName-release.apk AppName-release-unaligned.apk AppName-release-unsigned.apk AppName-release-unsigned.apk.d
Now move into the
bin directory and run these jarsigner commands:
cd bin jarsigner -verbose -sigalg SHA1withRSA -digestalg SHA1 -keystore /Users/username/Documents/path/to/my-release-key.keystore AppName-release-unsigned.apk app_name
Enter your keystore password
jarsigner -verify -verbose -certs AppName-release-unsigned.apk
If you get a warning like this ignore it:
Warning: This jar contains entries whose certificate chain is not validated.
Then run this zipalign command to create the final apk file:
zipalign -v 4 AppName-release-unsigned.apk AppName.apk
it will say:
And your final apk (AppName.apk) will be created in the bin directory.
Then you can upload to Google Play.
I hope this helps. Let me know if you have any questions.
Written by Adam Garrett-Harris who lives and works in Silicon Slopes. You should follow him on Twitter